Christian Challenge International
17:22-34 Paul's Sermon on Mar's Hill"
From: "Pastor Buddy Martin" <Bro.Buddy@ChristianChallenge.org>
Date sent: Tue, 05 Nov 2002 10:06:09 -0600
Subject: [HF] Acts033 - Acts
17:22-34 Paul's Sermon on Mar's Hill
I believe everything is in working order now. Sorry for the delay.
Let's pick up with our Acts studies.
We are now in Athens with Paul. He is about to speak at the
Areopagus, to a group of prominent Athenians who meet to discuss
matters of religion and philosophy. This group was sort of the
guardian of the gods for Athens. One of their functions was to make
certain no new gods who were not on the list of gods, were introduced
in Athens. (Areios pagos was located on Mar's Hill.)
This is Acts033 - Acts
17:22-34 Paul's Sermon on Mar's Hill.
"So Paul stood in the midst of the Areopagus and said, "Men of
Athens, I observe that you are very religious in all respects."
.... There would have been a rather large group assembled before the
court of Areopagus. It is not known for certain how many judges there
were, but some sources place it at 12 members. Paul uses wisdom.
The term "very religious", is 'hos deisidiamonesterous'.
It can be used in
a good or in a bad sense. Here Paul is using the term in a
conciliatory manner. He is acknowledging their deep religious
feelings. (A wise man knows how to make words acceptable.)
"For while I was passing through and examining the objects of
your worship, I also found an altar with this inscription, 'TO AN
UNKNOWN GOD.' Therefore what you worship in ignorance, this I
proclaim to you."
.... Unknown God is 'Agnosto Theo.' (Where we get our word
or, 'I don't know', or, 'without knowledge.') The Athenians were
afraid of offending one of the gods so they had more than one altar to
an unknown god. It was also illegal to introduce a new God that was
not on their list of gods. The 'unknown god' could serve as a point of
.... Notice how Paul disarms any accusation of heresy or promoting a
new god. He is simply saying, "I want to talk to you about the God
already worship, but of whom you don't know much about." The word
'ignorance' is 'agoneo.' It speaks of an unawareness. Paul is not
calling them ignorant. At this point he has their full attention.
Note: I want to recommend a book that reveals how this very wisdom
has been used by missionaries over the centuries in bringing large groups
of peoples to the Lord. It is entitled 'Eternity in Their
Don Richardson. The reason South Korea has such a strong Christian
following today is because both the Koreans and the Chinese had a
knowledge of the true God. No images were permitted for this God.
The Koreans called Him 'Hananim,' or, 'the Great One.' (Chinese
Him Shang Ti.)
The Protestant missionaries recognized right away that the Koreans
retained a concept of the true God. They used this knowledge to bring
the gospel message. The response was overwhelming. The Catholic
missionaries on the other hand accused the people of idolatry in this
matter. Thus the Catholic presence in Korea is much smaller than that
of the Protestants.
.... Paul begins his short but profound sermon.
"The God who made the world and all things in it, since He is
Lord of heaven and earth, does not dwell in temples made with
.... Notice that Paul says the very same thing that Stephen said when
he spoke to the Sanhedrin; "The Most High does not dwell in houses
made by human hands; as the prophet says." (Acts
7:48) This message
should never be forgotten. But what an affront to all who believe that
God can be found in buildings or in idols.
Some years ago while in Jerusalem, I went to the wailing (western)
wall. This is the most sacred of places to the Jewish peoples. In fact
there is an ancient tradition passed down that says the Shekinah is
the other side of the wall, to the east. When I placed my hand against
the wall, all I felt was 'deadness of stone.' Not that I was expecting
anything. No Presence. No Shekinah. No anointing. The reason is
because God now dwells in temples of human hearts.
"Nor is He served by human hands, as though He needed
anything, since He Himself gives to all people life and breath and all
.... Paul strikes at the very root of idolatry. The peoples thought
that the gods had to be appeased with 'food' offerings and such like.
But the Hebrews knew that one of God's names, that is, El Shaddai,
meant that He was sufficient in all things, or, He is the perfection
of all things. There is nothing we can give God that can add anything
to Him. And this is why our salvation is of God alone. We add nothing.
The apostle said, "He saved us, not on the basis of deeds which we
have done in righteousness, but according to His mercy, by the
washing of regeneration and renewing by the Holy Spirit." (Titus
"And He made from one man every nation of mankind to live on
all the face of the earth, having determined their appointed times and the
boundaries of their habitation."
.... The apostle disarms those distinctions made by both the Greeks
and the Jews. The Greeks were pretty much the same as the the Jews
in seeing their race as superior to other races. Paul simply says that
all peoples and nations come from one man. There is no boasting to
be found. All share in Adam's fall. There is no blood line in humanity
that exceeds another in acceptance to God. "All have sinned, and fall
short of the glory of God." (Rom3:23)
.... The apostle then touches on God's providence in saying that our
times were fixed from eternity. (Boundaries speak of the earth.) David
also gives us insight into this. He said, "Your eyes have seen my
unformed substance; and in Your book were all written the days that
were ordained for me, When as yet there was not one of them."
"That they would seek God, if perhaps they might grope for Him
and find Him, though He is not far from each one of us."
.... Paul's point is that the human race was designed to seek God. The
reason is because of the vacancy in our spiritual nature that can only
be filled by God Himself. Humans were designed to walk in unrestrained
fellowship with the true God. This fellowship was lost through sin. It
is now restored in Jesus Christ. It says, "God is faithful, through
whom you were called into fellowship with His Son, Jesus Christ our
.... The fact that God is "not far from each one of us"
God's reality in all of creation. Even the creation itself declares
that 'God is!' This is why only a fool would say that God does not
exist. Our very natures reflect something of God Himself. But the
image has been marred. Men outside Christ can only see distortions.
"for in Him we live and move and exist, as even some of your
own poets have said, 'For we also are His children.'"
.... Some of the ancient philosophers had an understanding that there
was only one true Supreme God. Actually this understanding is embedded
in most every culture, but the same scene presents itself. This God
cannot be known directly. This truth was even presented in the
tabernacle plan of Moses. Paul quotes from the poet Aratus, who made
this statement almost 300 years before Christ. Aratus as well as other
poet-philosophers spoke of the Supreme God as 'Father.' But here
Paul applies this quote to the God of the Hebrews.
"Being then the children of God, we ought not to think that the
Divine Nature is like gold or silver or stone, an image formed by the
art and thought of man."
.... Paul knew that the more intellectual philosophers did not see
these idols as gods, but the peoples as a whole did. However, Paul
makes a crucial point here. The human race is close kin to God. Adam
is the only person in the Bible other than Jesus Christ who is
actually called 'the' son of God. This was because Adam was created
in God's likeness and image. As head of the human race, Adam's fall
became our fall. Paul knew that all of this idolatry revealed hearts
at variance with the true God.
.... The term 'divine nature' comes from one word, theios. It
speaks of the Divine Being, or the Person of God Himself. The Greeks
used it for the essence or nature of God. They didn't apply it to a
"Therefore having overlooked the times of ignorance, God is
now declaring to men that all people everywhere should repent."
.... Paul was not saying that God approved of the ignorance of
humanity with regard to the true God. He took into consideration man's
separation from Him. Yet in all this, God placed in the heart of man a
deeper need for truth. Now that redemption (Truth) has come, it is
time for men to turn from their vain things, and turn to the living
God. The message of repentance applies to all men, Jews and
"Because He has fixed a day in which He will judge the world in
righteousness through a Man whom He has appointed, having
furnished proof to all men by raising Him from the dead."
.... Here is the turning point. Paul says that God has a fixed time in
which all of mankind will appear before Him for judgment. It will be
a judgment of righteousness. Notice that the judgment revolves
around a "Man." Jesus Christ is God revealed in the flesh,
come to us, God with us, the hope of the everlasting hills, and the
One in whom all of creation has waited. And this even applies to the
heathen. How can this be? Because this knowledge of 'the Coming
One' has been written in the conscience of all men. This is why in every
culture you find a form of Messiah consciousness. (Though different
terms may be used.)
"Now when they heard of the resurrection of the dead, some
began to sneer, but others said, "We shall hear you again concerning
.... Once again we see the power of the gospel. When the resurrection
is referenced it makes a distinction in the listeners. In this case
"some" sneered, and "others" said they wanted to hear
because of the mockers, the meeting began breaking up.
"So Paul went out of their midst. But some men joined him
and believed, among whom also were Dionysius the Areopagite and a
woman named Damaris and others with them."
.... Did Paul's sermon produce any fruit for the kingdom? Indeed.
Notice the three elements. The scoffers. The ones who said, 'We'll
hear more later.' Then you have Dionysius who was one of the 12
judges. Eusebius later records that this Dionysius became bishop
(pastor) of the Church in Athens. In addition to Dionysius, we have
Damaris and others. Damaris was most likely a woman of position.
Hence we have the beginnings of the church in Athens. Here also we
see once again how the gospel has the power to gather into God's
kingdom, those who would believe. But this is an area that is far beyond
own means of understanding. We simply accept the testimony. In an
earlier point in Acts, we hear, "And as many as had been appointed to
eternal life believed." (13:48)
The study is open.
Shalom in Christ,
Lawrence E. (Buddy) Martin, HF Host
"See to it that no one comes short of the grace
of God; that no root of bitterness springing up
causes trouble, and by it many be defiled." (Heb12:15)
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