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Studies in ACTS

"Acts 18:23 - 19:10 All In Asia Heard"

From: "Pastor Buddy Martin" <>
Date sent: Mon, 18 Nov 2002 13:31:45 -0600
Subject: [HF] Acts035 - Acts 18:23 - 19:10 All In Asia Heard


It is time to depart with Paul on his third missionary journey. Are you
ready? Let's put on our Hebraic thinking caps.

I want to remind you once again that to appreciate Acts more fully, we
need to become participants of the times. One of the problems we
have in studying this book, is in attempting to read where we are
today, back into where they were then. (Hope this makes sense.)

(There are seven questions with this study. Feel free to respond to any
or all the questions, or to any other part of the study.)

Ok. Let's saddle our camels and travel on down the road. : )

This is Acts035 - Acts18:23 - 19:10 All in Asia Heard.

Acts 18:23: "And having spent some time there, he left and passed
successively through the Galatian region and Phrygia, strengthening
all the disciples."

... How long Paul stayed in Antioch is not known. As the apostle begins
his 3rd missions trip, he seems to be alone. Paul begins this trip about
52 A.D. To give a perspective on time, we are just over the half way
mark between the cross and the destruction of Jerusalem and the
temple in 70 A.D. Old Testament Judaism disappears with the temple.
At the point of this study it has been almost 20 years since the cross.

Q1: In what sense can we say that Old Testament Judaism
disappeared in 70 A.D.?

Vss24-28: Synopsis on Apollos. Apollos was from the diaspora of
Egypt. There was a very large contingent of Jewish folk in Alexandria,
Egypt. They even had their own temple there. Over time a great many
of these folk became Christian. The movement of John the Baptist had
become a rather large movement on its own. It reached Alexandria,
Egypt, and Apollos was one of the adherents of that movement. His
knowledge of Jesus Christ was limited, yet he had a heart for the
things of the Lord. Apollos comes to Ephesus, and Priscilla and Aquila
take him under their wing. Under their tutoring Apollos becomes a
completed Biblical Christian. He, in turn, also becomes one of the
strongest early church teachers of the faith. It says,

"....he greatly helped those who had believed through grace, for he
powerfully refuted the Jews in public, demonstrating by the Scriptures
that Jesus was the Christ."

Here is something Paul wrote about this man; "So then let no one
boast in men. For all things belong to you, whether Paul or Apollos or
Cephas or the world or life or death or things present or things to
come; all things belong to you, and you belong to Christ; and Christ
belongs to God." (1Co3:21-23)

Q2: What does Paul mean in saying that "all things belong to [us]."

Acts 19:1-7: Synopsis on Paul's encounter with 12 disciples of John
the Baptist.

... This is a very interesting scene. When Paul comes across these
men, he detects something amiss in their spiritual makeup. It may
have been a lack of 'Jesus' in their communication. True Biblical
believers have their lives wrapped around Jesus. But this wrapping
involves the Holy Spirit. The apostle is puzzled, so he asks, "Did you
receive the Holy Spirit when you believed?"

The KJV fails to translate Paul's question correctly. It may sound stilted,
but it translates directly as, "The Holy Spirit did you receive -- having

Of course the problem is soon realized. They had never gotten past
John's baptism on to the finished work of the cross. Once Paul
explains this, they are then baptized with a believer's baptism, that is,
in the name of Jesus. When Paul lays his hands on them it says, "the
Holy Spirit came on them, and they began speaking with tongues and

Q3: Why do you think it was important for these men to be rebaptized?

Another point of interest is that this is the last time in the book of Acts
there is a mention of someone speaking in other languages and
prophesying. The other two times are in Acts 2, and then in Acts 10.
All three cases are sovereign acts of God.

Q4: How can a believer know if another person has the Holy Spirit?

Vss8-10: "And he entered the synagogue and continued speaking out
boldly for three months, reasoning and persuading them about the
kingdom of God. But when some were becoming hardened and
disobedient, speaking evil of the Way before the people, he withdrew
from them and took away the disciples, reasoning daily in the school of
Tyrannus. This took place for two years, so that all who lived in Asia
heard the word of the Lord, both Jews and Greeks."

Q5: What does the term 'the Way' refer to? (Feel free to elaborate.)

... Notice that when some began to harden themselves against the
gospel, Paul takes those who had believed out of the midst of unbelief.
We can be sure that the apostle is lead of the Spirit to do this. But the
apostle remains faithful to the charge of 'to the Jew first.' Once the
synagogue begins rejecting the gospel message, Paul knows that to
press the issue any further would only hardened their hearts further.

Q6: Is there any Scripture reason for removing new believers from
unbelieving influences?

... Paul later writes the Colossian believers, an speaks of their being
transferred out of darkness into "the kingdom of God's beloved Son."

Q7: What does the term 'the kingdom of God's beloved Son' refer to?

... Next we find Paul at the school of Tyrannus where he teaches for
two years. The Ethiopic version says that Paul "taught daily before the
court and the governors." Tyrannus must have been someone of

... It is here that we read, "All who lived in Asia heard the word of the
Lord, both Jews and Greeks." The term 'Asia' refers to a region that
encompasses much of what is called Turkey today.

Let's leave the study open at this point. Feel free to comment or ask


Lawrence E. (Buddy) Martin, HF Host

"See to it that no one comes short of the grace
of God; that no root of bitterness springing up
causes trouble, and by it many be defiled." (Heb12:15)

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